This tour starts at the basilica of the Holy cross in Jerusalem, that was built on the sight of the palace of Helena the mother of Constantine. In year 323 she did a pilgrimage to the holy land where miraculously she found the relics of the passion of Jesus – the cross, the nails and some thorns from the crown. These very important objects are still on display for the faithful inside this beautiful basilica.
A few minutes walk from here is the Cathedral of Rome Archbasilica St. John in the Lateran that for over 1000 years was the seat of the papacy. The church was constructed under the emperor Constantine but over the centuries it has been largely rebuilt assuming a richly baroque aspect.
Nearby there are the Holy stairs brought from Jerusalem by Constantine’s mother St. Helena. Christian tradition tells us that these were the stairs that Jesus walked to the trial under Pontius Pilate.
Next up there’s the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, the biggest church in Rome dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Spectacular mosaic ornate it’s walls and the main altar hides the relic of the cradle of Christ where his mother was rocking him to sleep.
A few subway stops from here is the basilica of St. Paulo fuori le mura. Built on the tomb of St. Paul for centuries it was the biggest church in the world and still today it’s the destination of pilgrims from all over the world who wants to pay a tribute to the apostles to the Gentiles.